What You Should Know About Epoxy Resin Floor Coating Properties

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Frequently asked questions about epoxy floor coatings

Helpful tips to know when speaking to a manufacturer or installer of epoxy resin coatings.

You’ll be better able to negotiate the best price from a contractor or a manufacturer when buying direct when you know some epoxy floor coating facts.

This list of epoxy floor coating properties will help you become better equipped to discuss a material purchase or negotiate a floor coating contract.

1- Floor Coating Set Time

Manufacturers should have slow, medium and rapid set times available to address plant or facility production shut down times.

Knowing this will save you money as repeat trips to the job site by a contractor are expensive. Your time “out of service” is just as important to you when counting dollar costs.

2- Floor Coating Thickness  

The range of coating thickness ranges from 2-3 mils to 40-50 mil floor coatings. Generally, the thicker the coating, the more costly.

Your desire for floor coating aesthetics and the floor depth of preparation dictate the mil range thickness you will require. A monolithic and seamless concrete epoxy floor coating will need to cover all imperfections that may require extra preparation labor.

If the necessary floor preparation requires deep removal of the concrete skin, the “peaks and valleys” of the prepared floor must be covered. Focusing on this factor will help prevent disappointment with the finished job.

Be specific with the contractor and put your expectations in writing in your purchase order.

3- Non-Slip properties

There are numerous aggregates the manufacturer makes available to provide the desired slip resistance of the floor coating that may be required.

It is wise to calculate the various environmental and service needs of the floor and ask the contractor to demonstrate the various finishes you will be able to select from.

Pedestrian areas normally do not need supplemental aggregation as the coating as supplied normally meets OSHA regulations.

However, loading dock areas that are exposed to outside weather effects are areas you want to maximize slip resistance for safe operation of forklifts and worker foot traffic over the areas.

4- VOC Content

It is usually wiser to start by specifying 100% solids epoxy coating for all flooring needs.

Solvent containing epoxy floor coating systems are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency so it is best to stay clear of them unless there is a very specific property you require that cannot be achieved in a 100% solids system.

Your employees working in the vicinity of the floor installation will thank you. If you are a food plant or food service operator, there is no risk of solvent contamination. Additionally, if you put a 100% solids coating on the floor it will stay at the applied thickness.

If, by way of example, you place a 50% solvent floor coating system on the floor, only half of the applied thickness will remain after the solvent dissipates. In this example, the concrete floor coating would wear out 50% faster with all other things being equal.

5- Abrasion and Impact Resistance

The latest development in floor coating technology are nano epoxy coating systems. These systems are vastly superior in abrasion and impact resistance, hence less marring and scratching of the surface in use.

6- Gloss

Nano technology floor coatings offer the highest gloss readings of most all epoxy systems in recent tests. This factor can help reduce lighting and energy use.

It can help identify and remove objects that are on the floor that do not belong there, an important safety factor to some managers.

The preceding list outlines some of the important properties of epoxy concrete floor coatings. In the space provided here it is not possible to delineate all the factors for epoxy resinous floor coatings but these are some of the most important considerations.

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